§ 19. The clerks of the supreme and circuit courts, and state's attorneys, shall be elected at the first special election for judges. ARTICLE VIII - FINANCE. The property of the state and counties, both real and personal, and such other property as the general assembly may deem necessary for school, religious and charitable purposes, may be exempt from taxation. § 6. The Supreme Court had original jurisdiction in cases of revenue, … This initial constitution, required for Illinois to become a U.S. state, was modeled after the U.S. Constitution. The governor shall reside at the seat of government, and receive a salary of $1,500 per annum, which shall not be increased or diminished; and he shall not, during the time for which he shall have been elected, receive any emolument from the United States, or either of them. And no person, who has been or may be a collector or holder of public moneys, shall be eligible to a seat in either house of the general assembly, nor be eligible to any office of profit or trust in this state, until such person shall have accounted for, and paid into the treasury all sums for which he may be accountable. '. Illinois constitutions since the Constitution of 1848.T Because the people may restrain the legislature in any way they choose and because the state debt provisions of the Illinois Constitution of 1970 substantially differ from those of prior Illinois … No person elected to the general assembly shall receive any civil appointment within this state, or to the senate of the United States, from the governor, the governor and senate, or from the general assembly, during the term for which he shall have been elected; and all such appointments, and all votes given for any such member for any such office or appointment, shall be void; nor shall any member of the general assembly be interested, either directly or indirectly, in any contract with the state, or any county thereof, authorized by any law passed during the time for which he shall have been elected, or during one year after the expiration thereof. Springfield: Lanphier & Walker, Printers, 1847, Verlie, Emil Joseph. § 13. § 2. The legislature henceforth could not contract debts for the state in excess of $50,000, unless the voters ratified a specific law to that effect; and it was forbidden to grant the state's credit in aid of any corporation or association. The Illinois Constitution is similar in … A third Illinois Constitution was adopted in 1870. In force April 1, 1848. § 27. The general assembly shall direct by law in what manner suits may be brought against the state. § 24. Like the Constitution of 1848, that of 1870 made possible its own amendment by a convention assembled at the mandate of the voters or by amendments proposed by the general assembly and ratified by the voters. § 20. The senators at their first session herein provided for shall be divided by lot, as near as can be, into two classes. Get this from a library! § 25. § 3. That all men have a natural and indefeasible right to worship Almighty God according to the dictates of their own consciences; that no man can of right be compelled to attend, erect, or support any place of worship, or to maintain any ministry against his consent; that no human authority can, in any case whatever, control or interfere with the rights of conscience, and that no preference shall ever be given by law to any religious establishments or modes of worship. The convention met in June, 1847, and spent nearly three months devising a new instrument; the following March its work was ratified by a large majority of the voters; and on April 1, 1848, it became operative. § 7. That all men are born equally free and independent, and have certain inherent and indefeasible rights, among which are those of enjoying and defending life and liberty, and of acquiring, possessing, and protecting property and reputation, and of pursuing their own happiness. Every bill shall be read on three different days, in each house, unless in case of urgency, three-fourths of the house where such bill is so depending shall deem it expedient to dispense with this rule, and every bill having passed both houses shall be signed by the speakers of their respective houses; and no private or local law which may be passed by the general assembly shall embrace more than one subject, and that shall be expressed in the title. The seats of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year, and those of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year, so that one-half thereof, as near as possible, may be biennially chosen forever thereafter. The first grand division, for the election of judges of the supreme court, shall consist of the counties of Alexander, Pulaski, Massac, Pope, Hardin, Gallatin, Saline, Williamson, Johnson, Union, Jackson, Randolph, Perry, Franklin, Hamilton, White, Wabash, Edwards. Adopted by Convention, August 31, 1847. Any amendment or amendments to the constitution may be proposed in either branch of the general assembly; and if the same shall be agreed to by two-thirds of all the members elect in each of the two houses, such proposed amendment or amendments shall be referred to the next regular session of the general assembly, and shall be published at least three months previous to the time of holding the next election for members of the house of representatives; and if, at the next regular session of the general assembly after said election, a majority of all the members elect in each branch of the general assembly shall agree to said amendment or amendments, then it shall be their duty to submit the same to the people at the next general election, for their adoption or rejection, in such manner as may be prescribed by law; and if a majority of all the electors voting at such election for members of the house of representatives shall vote for such amendment or amendments, the same shall become a part of the constitution. The state shall be divided into three grand divisions, as nearly equal as may be, and the qualified electors of each division shall elect one of the said judges for the term of nine years: Provided, that after the first election of said judges the general assembly may have the power to provide by law for their election by the whole state, or by divisions, as they may deem most expedient. It is now guaranteed by the U.S. Constitution’s Fifth Amendment, which applies to the national government, and by its Fourteenth Amendment which applies to the states. all other respects conform to the laws on the subject in force at the time of the adoption of this constitution. Contested elections of judges of the supreme court shall be tried by the senate, and of judges of the circuit court by the supreme court, and the general assembly shall .prescribe the manner of proceeding therein. Illinois - Illinois - Manufacturing: Illinois ranks high among the states in the manufacture of food products, chemicals, fabricated metals, computer and electronic products, and rubber products, as well as in the number of printing and publishing establishments. In the second division, on the third Monday of December, 1848, and annually thereafter. The judicial power of this state shall be and is hereby vested in one supreme court, in circuit courts, in county courts, and in justices of the peace: Provided, that inferior local courts, of civil and criminal jurisdiction, may be established by the general assembly in the cities of this state, but such courts shall have a uniform organization and jurisdiction in such cities. § 4. That Article XI, entitled Commons, is hereby adopted as a part of the constitution of this state, without being submitted to be voted upon by the people. In 1848 a new constitution was adopted. ARTICLE X - EDUCATION. 1870. § 5. This constitution was noted for the increase of power to the people since they could now elect many government officials. Any person swearing falsely in such affidavit shall be deemed guilty of perjury, and punished accordingly. § 1. The Constitution strengthened the executive branch of government while reducing the … Every bill which shall have passed the senate and house of representatives shall, before it becomes a law, be presented to the governor; if he approve, he shall sign it: but if not, he shall return it, with his objections, to the house in which it shall have originated; and the said house shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider it. One of the most significant changes was in the system of local government. What are the East geographic boundaries of Illinois? § 3. Article II. For background on the constitution, see the following--. § 8. The general assembly shall have no power to grant divorces, but may authorize the courts of justice to grant them for such causes as may be specified by law: Provided, that such laws be general and uniform in their operation. § 21. For background on the constitution, see the following--. The boundaries and jurisdiction of the state shall be as follows, to-wit: Beginning at the mouth of the "Wabash river; thence up the same. § 28. § 15. No person shall be a representative who shall not have attained the age of 25 years, who shall not be a citizen of the United States, and three years an inhabitant of his state, who shall have not resided within the limits of the county or district in which he shall be chosen 12 months next preceding his election, if such county or district shall have; been so long erected, but if not, then within the limits of the county or counties, district or districts, out of which the same shall have been taken, unless he shall have been absent on the public business of the United States or of this state, and who, moreover, shall not have paid a state or county tax. The current version of the Illinois Constitution was ratified by special election on December 15, 1970, and went into effect on July 1, 1971. The general assembly shall provide for the compensation of the county judge. § 7. § 22. That this constitution shall be submitted to the people for their adoption or rejection, at an election to be held on the first Monday in March, 1848, and there shall also be submitted for adoption or rejection, at the same time, the separate articles in relation to the emigration of colored persons and the public debt. When vacancies shall happen in either house, the governor or the person exercising the powers of governor, shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies. The general assembly shall encourage internal improvements, by passing liberal general laws of incorporation for that purpose. § 1. before either branch of the general assembly, and shall perform such other duties as shall be assigned him by law, and shall receive a salary of $800 per annum, and no more, except fees: Provided, that if the office of secretary of state should be vacated by death, resignation, or otherwise, it shall be the duty of the governor to appoint another, who shall hold his office until another secretary shall be elected and qualified. All votes for either of them for any elective office (except that of judge of the supreme or circuit court) given by the general assembly, or the people, shall be void. § 19. § 3. That the oaths of office herein required to be taken may be administered by a justice of the peace until otherwise provided by law. Each house may punish, by imprisonment during its session, any person not a member who shall be guilty of disrespect to the house, by any disorderly or contemptuous behavior in their presence: Provided, such imprisonment shall not, at any one time, exceed 24 hours. § 17. The specification of the objects and subjects of taxation shall not deprive the general assembly of the power to require other objects or subjects to be taxed, in such manner as may be consistent with the principles of taxation fixed in this constitution. The second grand division shall consist of the counties of Edgar, Coles, Moultrie, Shelby, Montgomery, Macoupin. Article V of the Illinois Constitution of 1848 established a Supreme Court of 3 judges with 2 of the 3 constituting a quorum. § 12. § 24. The party, whether convicted or acquitted, shall, nevertheless, be liable to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment, according to law. § 23. Neither house shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than two days nor to any other place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting. § 13. The state expanded so rapidly in population and in interests that the first simple constitution was hopelessly outgrown, and the need of a revision became too obvious to be ignored. The 1870 constitution remedied many of the faults of the 1848 document, and the new constitution … The second election for one justice of the supreme court shall be held on the first Monday of June, 1852, and every three years thereafter an election shall be held for one justice of the supreme court. § 21. § 14. § 6. § 1. That all persons shall be bailable by sufficient sureties, unless for capital offenses where the proof is evident or the presumption great; and the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it. He shall be commander-in-chief of the army and navy of this state, and of the militia, except when they shall be called into the service of the United States. § 23. The number of representatives and state officers was reduced, and the sessions of the assembly were practically limited to forty-two days by a provision for cutting the pay of the members in half after that length of time. § 9. § 7. § 9. The 1818 constitution was written at a constitutional convention at Illinois' first capital, Kaskaskia. If, after such reconsideration, a majority of the members elected shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered; and if approved by a majority of the members elected, it shall become a law, notwithstanding the objections of the governor; but in all such cases the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays, to be entered on the journal of each house, respectively. what were the purposes of The 1970 Illinois Constitution? Links to a digitized transcription of the constitutionis available at the bottom of the page. The Illinois gubernatorial election of 1848 was the ninth election for this office. § 19. § 2. § 1. § 16. This excerpt on the constitution is from Illinois Constitutions [click here for more information] by Emil Verlie. § 9. The executive power of the state shall be vested in a governor. To make it a matter of fundamental law that the governor should receive an annual salary of $1,500, the supreme court judges $1,200, the state auditor $1,000, and the secretary of state and state treasurer each $800, was obviously absurd; even in those days of small things such sums were parsimonious, and in any case, no matter how great the need for economy, it was hazardous to make so inflexible the compensation of the officers of a rapidly growing commonwealth. § 31. § 22. No act of the general assembly, authorizing corporations or associations with banking powers, shall go into effect, or in any manner be in force, unless the same shall be submitted to the people at the general election next succeeding the passage of the same, and be approved by a majority of all the votes cast at such election for and against such law. And no public act of the general assembly shall take effect or be in force until the expiration of 60 days from the end of the session at which the same may be passed, unless in case of emergency the general assembly shall otherwise direct. He shall, from time to time, give the general assembly information of the state of the government, and recommend to their consideration such measures as he shall deem expedient. In case of disagreement between the two houses with respect to the time of adjournment, the governor shall have power to adjourn the general assembly to such time as he thinks proper: Provided, it be not to a period beyond the next constitutional meeting of the same. Senators and representatives shall, in all cases, except treason, felony, or breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest during the session of the general assembly, and in going to and returning from the same; and for any speech or debate in either house, they shall not be questioned in any other place. The qualified electors of each county in this state shall elect a clerk of the circuit court, who shall hold his office for the term of four years, and until his successor shall have been elected and qualified, who shall perform such duties and receive such compensation as may be prescribed by law. On a grandiose scale the state had undertaken to equip the state with railroads and to give it a water connection from the Great Lakes to the Gulf of Mexico. However, some provisions, such as the change in the dates f… The boundaries and jurisdiction of the state shall be as follows, to-wit: Beginning at the mouth of the "Wabash river; thence up the same. That returns of the election of justices of the supreme and judges of the circuit courts, secretary of state, auditor and treasurer, shall be made and canvassed as is now provided by law for representatives in congress; and returns for members of the general assembly and county officers shall be made and canvassed as is now provided by law. § 11. There shall be elected, by the qualified electors throughout the state, a state treasurer, who shall hold his office for two years, and until his successor is qualified; whose duties may be regulated by law, and who shall receive a salary of $800 per annum, and no more. No person shall be elected or appointed to any office in this state, civil or military, who is not a citizen of the United States, and who shall not have resided in this state one year next before the election or appointment. There shall be in each county a court, to be called a county court. Until otherwise provided by law, the terms of the supreme court shall be held at follows: In the first division, on the first Monday of December, 1848, and annually thereafter. Every person who shall be chosen or appointed to any office of trust or profit shall, before entering upon the duties thereof, take an oath to support the constitution of the United States, and of this state, and also an oath of office. In the third division, on the first Monday of February, 1849, and annually thereafter. § 23. § 2. In prosecutions for the publication of papers investigating the official conduct of officers, or of men acting in a public capacity, or when the matter published is proper for public information, the truth thereof may be given in evidence, and in all indictments for libels, the jury shall have the right of determining both the law and the fact, under the direction of the court, as in other cases. § 4. The governor shall be chosen by the electors of the members of the general assembly, at the same places and in the same manner that they shall respectively vote for members thereof. Each house shall keep a journal of its proceedings, and publish them. § 3. Senatorial and representative districts shall be composed of contiguous territory bounded by county lines; and only one senator allowed to each senatorial and not more than three representative to any representative district: Provided, that cities and towns containing the requisite population may be erected into separate districts. § 5. On the first Monday of December, 1848, jurisdiction of all suits and proceedings then pending in the present supreme court shall become vested in the supreme court established by this constitution, and shall be finally adjudicated by the court where the same may be pending. Illinois Constitutions. There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in this state, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted. All judges and state's attorneys shall be commissioned by the governor. The general assembly shall have no power to authorize, by private or special law, the sale of any lands or other real estate belonging in whole or in part to any individual or individuals. § 10. In case of the impeachment of the governor, his absence from the state, or inability to discharge the duties of his office, the powers, duties and emoluments of the office shall devolve upon the lieutenant-governor, and in case of his death, resignation, or removal, then upon the speaker of the senate for the time being, until the governor, absent or impeached, shall return or be acquitted; or until the disqualification or inability shall cease, or until a new governor shall be elected and qualified. For any reasonable cause, to be entered on the journals of each house, which shall not be sufficient ground for impeachment, both justices of the supreme court and judges of the circuit court shall be removed from office, on the vote of two-thirds of the members elected to each branch of the general assembly: Provided, always, that no member of either house of the general assembly shall be eligible to fill the vacancy occasioned by such removal: Provided, also, that no removal shall be made unless the justice or judge complained of shall have been served with a copy of the complain against him, and shall have an opportunity of being heard in his defense. Links to a digitized transcription of the constitutionis available at the bottom of the page. An examination on American Patriotism and the principles of representative government as enunciated in the American Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States of America, and the Constitution of the State of Illinois, as well as on the proper use and display of the American Flag is required for issuance of the Illinois … § 13. § 26. The governor shall nominate and, by and with the advice and consent of the senate (a majority of all the senators concurring), appoint all officers whose offices are established by this constitution, or which may be created by law, and whose appointments are not otherwise provided for; and no such officer shall be appointed or elected by the general assembly. Grover, editor of the Earlville Transcript. § 6. Illinois under such a document. All militia officers shall be commissioned by the governor, and may hold their commissions for such time as the legislature may provide. Greene, Pike, Adams, Highland, Hancock, McDonough, Schuyler, Brown, Fulton, Mason, Cass, Morgan, Scott, Sangamon, Christian, Macon, Piatt, Champaign, Vermilion, De Witt, Logan, Menard, Cumberland and Clark. It established the three branches of government - the legislative, executive, and judicial - their roles, and defined the state's official … § 36. That in all criminal prosecutions the accused hath a right to be heard by himself and counsel; to demand the nature and cause of the accusation against him; to meet the witnesses face to face; to have compulsory process to compel the attendance of witnesses in his favor; and in prosecutions by indictment or information, to speedy public trial by an impartial jury of the county or district wherein the offense shall have been committed, which county or district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and that he shall not be compelled to give evidence against himself. § 2. The county commissioners' courts and the probate justices of the several counties shall continue in existence and exercise their present jurisdiction until the county court, provided in this constitution, is organized in pursuance of an act of the general assembly to be passed at its first session. No person except a citizen of the United States shall be eligible to the office of governor; nor shall any person be eligible to that office who shall not have attained the age of 35 years, and been 10 years a resident of this state and 14 years a citizen of the United States. The second election for clerks of the circuit courts, and state's attorneys, shall be held on the Tuesday next after the first Monday of November, 1852, and every fourth year thereafter. He may, on extraordinary occasions, convene the general assembly by proclamation, and shall state in said proclamation the purpose for which they are to convene; and the general assembly shall enter on no legislative business except that for which they were specially called together. There shall be elected in each county in this state, in such districts as the general assembly may direct, by the qualified electors thereof, a competent number of justices of the peace, who shall hold their offices for the term of four years, and until their successors shall have been elected and qualified, and who shall perform such duties, receive such compensation, and exercise such jurisdiction as may be prescribed by law. No new county shall be formed or established by the general assembly which will reduce the county or counties, or either of them, from which it shall be taken, to less contents than 400 square miles; nor shall any county be formed of less contents; nor shall any line thereof pass within less than 10 miles of any county seat of the county or counties proposed to be divided. In 1869 another new proposal met with success and became the new constitution in 1870. In contradiction to the democratic nature of most of the changes made the new constitution restricted the existing franchise, requiring citizenship and a year's residence instead of merely the six months' residence stipulated in the old constitution. County judges, clerks, sheriffs, and other county officers, for willful neglect of duty, or misdemeanor in office, shall be liable to presentment or indictment by a grand jury, and trial by a petit jury, and, upon conviction, shall be removed from office. The first election of governor shall be held on Tuesday next after the first Monday in November, 1848: and the next election shall be held on Tuesday next after the first Monday of November, 1852; and thereafter an election for governor shall be held once in four years, on Tuesday next after the first Monday of November. Wisconsin. § 15. § 13. From 1818 until 1848, Illinois went through a time of rapid growth and development. § 31. That no freeman shall be imprisoned or disseized of his freehold, liberties or privileges, or outlawed or exiled, or in any manner deprived of his life, liberty, or property, but by the judgment of his peers, or the law of the land. § 14. The first Illinois Constitution was adopted in 1818 when Illinois was admitted to the Union. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (52) ... 1818, 1848, 1870, 1971. § 25. In the year 1855, and every 10th year thereafter, an enumeration of all inhabitants of this state shall be made in such manner as shall be directed by law; and in the year 1850, and every 10th year thereafter, the census taken by authority of the government of the United States shall be adopted by the general assembly as the enumeration of this state; and the number of senators and representatives shall, at the first regular session holden after the returns herein provided for are made, be apportioned among the several counties or districts to be established by law, according to the number of white inhabitants. § 21. The sum of $2 per day, for the first 42 days' attendance, and $1 per day for each day's attendance thereafter, and 10 cents for each necessary mile's travel, going to and returning from the seat of government, shall be allowed to the members of the general assembly, as compensation for their services, and no more. The election of all officers, and the filling of all vacancies that may happen by death, resignation or removal, not otherwise directed or provided for by this constitution, shall be made in such manner as the general assembly shall direct: Provided, that no such officer shall be elected by the general assembly. § 20. That all laws in force at the adoption of this constitution, not inconsistent therewith, and all rights, actions, prosecutions, claims and contracts of this state, individuals or bodies corporate, shall continue and be as valid as if this constitution had not been adopted. Constitutional revisions were subsequently ratified in 1848, 1870 and 1970. 1970 Constitutional Convention. All prosecutions shall be carried on in the name and by the authority of the people of the State of Illinois, and conclude, Against the peace and dignity of the same. 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