She arrived on 24 April and began a two-week refit after the aircraft were transferred. HMS Argus seen in 1918. Since she was completed before 9 December 1921, the Washington Naval Treaty classified her as an experimental aircraft carrier and thus she did not need to be scrapped to release treaty-limited tonnage for new construction. Boucher Service Record. One Swordfish crashed while landing on 13 June and the wreckage was pushed over the side. The HMS Argus was the first ship to be an aircraft carrier, but she was a converted ocean liner. October — First aircraft carrying ship to be sunk in action, (former cruiser) seaplane carrier HMS Hermessunk by U-27. Launched on 2nd December 1917 as the 11th RN warship to carry the name which was first used for a captured French privateer in 1792 and last borne by a Coastguard Vessel built in 1904. As usual, Argus provided the air cover with a dozen Fulmars from 807 Squadron and Eagle ferried the Albacores and 17 Spitfires to their take-off point for Malta on 19 May. Together with Eagle, Argus was tasked to provide air cover over Force H as it covered a convoy attempting to get desperately needed supplies through to Malta later in June (Operation Harpoon). After returning to the UK for repairs, Argus was used again for deck-landing practice until late September 1944. , James Graham, Sixth Marquess of Montrose, a director of the Beardmore company, proposed to the Admiralty a design, "A Parent Ship for Naval Aeroplanes and Torpedo Boat Destroyer" in 1912. Her hangar could accommodate one of the new eighteen-plane Torpedo Aeroplane Squadrons equipped with Sopwith T.1s and provided for storage of thirty torpedoes. Argus was laid down in 1914 by William Beardmore and Company in Dalmuir, as the Conte Rosso. No air strike could be flown against the German cruiser because the Swordfish were embarked in Argus with bombs that they could not carry and the torpedoes were aboard Furious. After commissioning, the ship was involved for several years in the development of the optimum design for other aircraft carriers. , After the ship's return from its cruise, a conference was convened aboard Argus on 19 May to consider revised landing arrangements. Her refit was completed on 30 July 1938 and she underwent sea trials the following month. It was a British ship and was used by the Royal Navy from 1918 to 1944. HMS Argus (viirinumero 49) oli Britannian kuninkaallisen laivaston lentotukialus toisessa maailmansodassa.Alus oli maailman ensimmäinen tukialus, jossa oli yhtenäinen koko aluksen peittävä lentokansi, mikä mahdollisti maalentokoneiden nousemisen alukselta ja laskeutumisen takaisin. Each of the ship's four sets of Parsons geared steam turbines drove one propeller shaft. She was ordered to be paid off on 27 January 1944, but this order was apparently revoked as she continued training until 27 September 1944 when the last take-off was made from her deck, a Fairey Swordfish. In 1920 the ship was modified to make it more stable. She was also fitted with two low-angle 4-inch guns, one also on each side of the hull. The ship was under repair for a month after she reached the United Kingdom, but she required a more thorough refit that lasted from February to May 1943. Full description. The latter ship also carried six Albacores bound for Malta as well, but the weather deteriorated over Malta and their fly-off was cancelled.  She was classified as a Target Aeroplane Carrier and recommissioned on 11 August 1938 with Captain W. G. Benn in command. It was decided that a longer system of wires was needed, and the landing well system was abandoned in favour of ramps that could be raised and lowered as needed. The rear magazine and the torpedo warhead storage magazine were protected by a total of 2 inches (51 mm) of protective plating on all sides, but the forward magazine and bomb storage rooms had only a 2-inch thick deck to protect them. Existing carriers could launch wheeled aircraft, but had no way to recover them as they lacked flight decks.  Formally named after Argus of the 100 Eyes from Greek mythology, Argus was nicknamed the Hat Box or "Ditty Box" or the Flatiron due to her flat-topped appearance.  Three fire curtains divided the hangar and another separated the hangar and the quarterdeck. , Argus was re-commissioned at Portsmouth on 24 January, 1924. After a brief refit, Argus sailed on 14 April for Gibraltar to transfer the replacements to Ark Royal. Ark Royal was torpedoed and sunk during the return to Gibraltar, which forced Argus to remain there to provide cover for Force H as the sole carrier available. The National Archives. Sold for Scrap 1947. Class Overview . In 1912, the ship builder William Beardmore had proposed to the Admiralty an aircraft carrier design with a continuous, full-length flight deck, but it was not accepted. Murray Service Record. Fairly early in the design process, the decision was made to delete the funnels to reduce turbulence over the flight deck. Arrived at Gibraltar and transferred 12 HURRICANE aircraft to HMS ARK ROYAL for delivery to Malta (Operation WINCH). 15, 16, and 17 august 1943, on board hms argus off lamlash. HMS Argus was a British aircraft carrier that served in the Royal Navy from 1918 to 1944. The islands were connected by braces and the bridge was mounted on top of the bracing, which left a clear height of 20 feet (6.1 m) for the aircraft on the flight deck. Page 3 . Argus was launched in 1917 and commissioned just prior to the end of the war on September 19 th 1918.  The Spitfires were flown off successfully, but the engines of the Albacores all began to overheat and they were forced to return to the carrier. The carrier embarked two Fulmars from 807 Squadron, nine Swordfish from 813 Squadron and four more Swordfish from 824 Squadron to protect the convoy from submarines while Eagle loaded 20 Fulmars and Sea Hurricanes from three different squadrons. The following month she made the first of her many ferry trips to the Western Mediterranean to fly off fighters to Malta; she was largely occupied in this task for the next two years. the fleet air arm on board the british carrier hms argus. Palmer Service Record. Most read. HMS Argus was a Royal Navy Fleet Carrier 1918-1946. Escorted by Ark Royal, three battleships, two cruisers and 10 destroyers, the ship flew them off without incident on 2 August 1940 from a point west of Sicily, although two of the Hurricanes crashed on landing. The National Archives. http://dreadnoughtproject.org/tfs/index.php?title=H.M.S._Argus_(1917)&oldid=291736. Medal Of Honor: He Put Up Such A Fight In Captivity, The Viet Cong Executed Him Out Of Frustration; He’s Called The Ghost, Has The Same Medal Count As Audie Murphy, And Is Virtually Unknown  Aircraft were transported between the hangar and the flight deck by two aircraft lifts (elevators); the forward lift measured 30 by 36 feet (9.1 m × 11.0 m) and the rear 60 by 18 feet (18.3 m × 5.5 m).  The ship was intended to have one hydro-pneumatic aircraft catapult, but this was instead diverted to Ark Royal. By 19 December, 36 successful landings had been made by Ship Strutters and Sopwith Pups. , She paid off into Dockyard Control on 2 November, 1925. Archer Service Record. It was ordered to return to the UK aboard Argus. In 1916 the Beardmore commercial yard was awarded the contract to complete the half-finished Italian liner Conte Rosso, laid down in 1914, as a prototype aircraft carrier. , In March, the carrier loaded a dozen Hurricane IIs and three Skuas and delivered them to Gibraltar on 29 March, where they were loaded onto Ark Royal and flown off to Malta a few days later. Renamed Riduna and sold to the Alderney Steam Packet Company in 1926. , Argus was commissioned at Devonport on 30 July, 1938.. Renamed Peninnis and operated by the Isles of Scilly Steamship Company from 1920 to 1926. 451–52, Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy, Ships That Mother Seaplanes: craft of the "hush-hush" fleet may play a part in first trans-Atlantic flight, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=HMS_Argus_(I49)&oldid=963040933, World War I aircraft carriers of the United Kingdom, World War II aircraft carriers of the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 June 2020, at 13:05. This meant she was very steady, but heeled noticeably when turning. She and the escort carrier Avenger joined a convoy returning to the United Kingdom on the evening of 14/15 November that was spotted by the Germans. The ship was reduced to Extended Reserve (four months readiness) at Rosyth in September 1932. Aircraft Carrier Index. Trials began in April and the lift was widened in October. 2 August 1917, Sqn Cdr E. H. Dunningmakes the first aircraft landing on a moving ship, HMS Furious 1914 28 June — Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand; World War Ibegins. Argus had the nickname… U-155 torpedoed Avenger, right behind Argus in the convoy, later that morning. Examination of the aircraft revealed that their air coolers had been set to "Winter" rather than "Summer". , The ship's hull was surveyed in 1927 and anticipated to be sound for another 15 years, and she relieved Hermes on the China Station from 1 September to 20 March 1928. HMS Argus seen in 1918 in the Firth of Forth.  Sometime after her return, Argus was laid up at Plymouth at 14-days readiness to save money. They normally exhausted underneath the aft end of the flight deck, but the exhaust could be vented through openings on the rear side of the hull by two large electric fans. About this forum RFA Argus is a Primary Casualty Receiving Ship of the Royal Fleet Auxiliary. The ship was given a bridge underneath her flight deck, extending from side to side, and she was fitted with a retractable pilot house in the middle of the flight deck for use when not operating aircraft. The National Archives. , Force H was recalled to the United Kingdom in January and Argus loaded 12 Swordfish of 812 Squadron for her own protection. She was purchased for conversion in August, 1916. 282–84, Shores, Cull and Malizia 1991, pp. Argus was laid down in 1914 by William Beardmore and Company in Dalmuir, as the Conte Rosso.  A week later, she ferried Supermarine Walrus amphibians of 701 Squadron to Reykjavík, Iceland. Był to pierwszy lotniskowiec o przyjętej obecnie za standard konstrukcji, w której pokład na całej długości od rufy do dziobu okrętu wykorzystywany jest jako pas startowy (tzw. Both Fulmars from 807 Squadron were shot down on 14 June by Italian bombers, but they likely shot down one Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 and one CANT Z.1007 bomber. The problems were not rectified until 7 March, when the 15 Spitfires were successfully flown off. In 1912, the ship builder William Beardmorehad proposed to the Admiralty an aircraft carrier design with a continuous, full-length flight deck, but it was not accepted. This page was last modified on 11 September 2019, at 08:18. She was laid down in 1914, but construction was suspended, and restarted later. The ship was back in the United Kingdom, loading another batch of Hurricanes bound for Gibraltar. In addition, the ship's after lift was permanently locked in the raised position and 150 long tons (150 t) of ballast were added to compensate for the additional weight of the equipment high in the ship. , Argus was reduced to Reserve at Portsmouth on 7 May, 1930. Eight of the Hurricanes ran out of fuel en route due to headwinds and one Skua was forced to crash land on Sicily after it had been damaged by Italian flak. (Note: HMS ARK ROYAL made a delivery of HURRICANE and FULMAR aircraft on 3rd. The ship was also fitted with bulk petrol storage, new four-inch guns that used fixed ammunition, and new radio masts. She was built with a flush unobstructed flight deck after the Royal Navy’s unsuccessful divided flight deck experiment used on the HMS Furious following her conversion from a Light Battle Cruiser to a carrier. Powered palisades were also needed on the side of the flight deck to help retain aircraft aboard that had not engaged a wire. On her return to the United Kingdom she began a refit. She was converted from an ocean liner that was under construction when the First World War began and became the first example of the standard pattern of aircraft carrier, with a full-length flight deck that allowed wheeled aircraft to take off and land. By April 1940, the ship had been rearmed with two QF Mk V 4-inch anti-aircraft guns on her quarterdeck, as well as three quadruple Vickers .50 machine gun mounts; one of these was on each side of her hull and the third was on the centreline of the quarterdeck. , On September 1922, Argus, equipped with Gloster Nightjar fighters, was deployed to the Dardanelles as a response to the Chanak crisis. In November, the ship provided air cover during Operation Torch, the invasion of French North Africa and was slightly damaged by a bomb. HMS_Argus_(1917)_cropped. (Image source: WikiCommons) The distinctive, zigzag striped paint schemes first appeared on British ships in 1917.  After Furious's Skuas had flown off to search for Hipper, space was cleared to allow Argus' Swordfish to load the torpedoes, but the Skuas could not locate Hipper because of the poor visibility. She was renamed after her purchase in September 1916 and was launched on December 2nd, 1917, her building having been slowed by labour shortages. Related Material.  The ship was hit by a bomb on 10 November that killed four men. Bovell Service Record. Since Argus was now classified as a naval auxiliary, her four-inch guns were removed. HMS Argus was a British aircraft carrier from 1918 until 1944. HMS Argus (1904) was a coastguard vessel launched in 1904, renamed HMS Argon in 1918 and sold in 1920. Existing carriers could launch wheeled aircraft, but had no way to recover them. During Operation Picket I, nine more Spitfires were flown off by Eagle on 21 March whilst a dozen Sea Hurricane IIBs from 804 Squadron provided air cover from Argus. This cruise was deemed very successful as 45 landings were made, only two of which resulted in serious accidents, an accident rate comparable to those of land-based units. The after lift was therefore lowered 9 inches (229 mm), which allowed aircraft to use the area when the lift was raised flush with the rest of the flight deck. Argus sailed on 22 August and arrived at Takoradi on the Gold Coast on 5 September where her aircraft were off-loaded. The revised system was successfully tested aboard the carrier Eagle later in the year and Argus' arresting gear was modified accordingly in time for the 1921 Spring Cruise, during which the ship carried ten Parnall Panther spotter and reconnaissance aircraft and three Fairey IIIC reconnaissance aircraft. ... (1917) and separate landing decks in 1918 together with Vindictive (a month behind Argus) Only after that do we get to HMS Argus with a flat deck in Sept 1918. A torpedo shop could store another twenty-eight weapons, which were presumably the 18-in Mark IX torpedo. Dates of appointment are provided when known. She returned to the United Kingdom on 11 April and loaded six replacement Swordfish as well as six Swordfish of 812 Squadron for self-defence. , British naval ship classes of the First World War, British naval ship classes of the Second World War, Shores, Cull and Malizia 1991, pp. Eagle transferred her Fulmars to Argus over the course of the battle and two more were lost later in the day. F Argus also evaluated various types of arresting gear, general procedures needed to operate a number of aircraft in concert and fleet tactics. Stirling Service Record.  The ship was commissioned on 16 September 1918. It was built by William Beardmore. The carrier rendezvoused with Furious and Convoy WS-5A before the combined force was discovered by the German cruiser Admiral Hipper on 25 December, but little damage was inflicted by Hipper before she was driven off by the escorts. She was launched 2 Dec 1917, and eventually completed only a matter of weeks before the Armistice.  No arresting gear was fitted as completed. , Argus's stability had been a concern from the beginning. She displaced 3,315 long tons (3,368 t). Argus had her genesis in the Admiralty's desire during the First World War for an aircraft carrier that could fly off wheeled aircraft and land them aboard. The ship's crew totalled 495 officers and men. Argus was refitted from 23 December to 21 March 1919 with modified arresting gear. She was the world s first example of what is now the standard pattern of aircraft carrier, with a flush deck enabling wheeled aircraft to take off and land. HMS Argus sports a dazzle paint scheme, 1917. Argus was launched in 1917 and commissioned just prior to the end of the war on September 19 th 1918. The National Archives. Two days later, the two carriers, in Operation Perpetual, sailed to the west of Sicily and flew off their 37 Hurricanes; three of the fighters were lost en route. Battlecruiser HMS Repulse escorted by the destroyers HMS Matabele and HMS Electra arrived at Scapa Flow for refuelling around 1100/11. The plan for Operation Spotter I was for Argus to provide fighter cover for Eagle as she flew off the Spitfires for Malta, but the operation had to be cancelled when the long-range fuel tanks of the Spitfires proved defective. Argus was small (15,775 tons) She was only capable of … Three Fulmars of 800X Squadron were also embarked to protect the ship against the Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condors that patrolled the Bay of Biscay and the Eastern Atlantic. , Another attempt to deliver the Albacores and more Spitfires was made during Operation LB. Despite an expedited program to refit her for action, she was only launched on December 2nd, 1917 and, after completing her period of requisite sea trials, was not commissioned until September 16th, 1918. The Director of Naval Construction proposed to fit her with a girdle at her waterline to increase her beam and thus her stability.  She then ferried a dozen Fairey Albacore torpedo bombers of 828 Squadron to Gibraltar on 30 September for eventual delivery to Malta. , In July 1922, Argus was inclined to evaluate her stability in light of the additional weights that had been added since her completion and it was discovered that her metacentric height had been reduced by 0.83 feet (0.3 m). As the limitations of existing carriers became more apparent, this design was dusted off and the Admiralty located two large, fast hulls suitable for conversion into an aircraft carrier. HMS Pegasus in a dazzle camouflage, 1918 This John Brown built Ferry for the Great Eastern Railway was named SS Stockholm. There, the ship transferred the Spitfires to Eagle and embarked nine Fairey Fulmar fighters of 807 Squadron. Conte Rosso was purchased on 20 September 1916, possibly because her machinery was more complete than that of Giulio Cesare, and the company began work on converting the ship. Message Board. In 1912, the ship builder William Beardmore had proposed to the Admiralty an aircraft carrier design with a continuous, full-length flight deck, but it was not accepted. She was 332 feet 4 inches (101.3 m) long, 43 feet (13.1 m) wide, with 15 feet 9 inches (4.8 m) draught at deep load. The exhaust gases were, instead, ducted aft in the space between the roof of the hangar deck and the flight deck and were enclosed by a casing through which cooler air was driven by electric fans. As the limitations of existing carriers became more apparent, this design was dusted off and the Admiralty located two lar… Argus had her genesis in the Admiralty's desire during the First World War for an aircraft carrier that could fly off wheeled aircraft and land them aboard. , Argus was designed by Lt.-Col. Holmes of the R.A.F.. T The ship was commissioned on 16 September 1918. It was still under construction when the First World War broke out. In April 1918, Argus was ordered to be modified to a flush-decked configuration after the sea trials of the carrier Furious had revealed severe turbulence problems caused by her superstructure. , She re-commissioned at the Nore on 19 January, 1927 for service in the Atlantic Fleet, with a Headquarters Flight and Flights 401, 422, and 441 embarked. flush deck).  The same month, the ship was used in trials to evaluate the effects which an island superstructure would have on flying operations, with a canvas-and-wood dummy island being installed with a smoke box to simulate funnel gases. As the limitations of existing carriers became more apparent, this design was dusted off and …  By this time the ship's Vickers .50-calibre machine guns had been replaced by 13 Oerlikon 20 mm light anti-aircraft guns. Page 2 . HMS Argus. Operational experience confirmed that the aircraft should attempt to land directly onto the arresting gear lest they be blown over the side of the carrier, as happened three times during the cruise. The ship was too top-heavy as originally built and had to be modified to improve her stability in the mid-1920s. Builder's Data. The two carriers repeated the delivery on 29 March when Eagle flew off seven more Spitfires whilst 807 Squadron provided air cover from Argus. HMS Argus seen after the 1925-26 refit. , Argus had an overall length of 565 feet (172.2 m), a beam of 68 feet (20.7 m), and a draught of 23 feet 3 inches (7.1 m) at deep load. , On 11 November, Argus sailed again from Liverpool with a deck-load of a dozen Hurricanes and two Skuas for delivery to Malta (Operation White). Sh… The National Archives. celebrating her silver jubilee, 25 years continuous service, the argus is now being used to a18863.jpg 598 × 800; 42 kb In February 1936, it was decided to refit the ship as a tender for Queen Bee target drones. , The ship's flight deck was 549 feet (167.3 m) long and her hangar was 330 feet (100.6 m) long, 48–68 feet (14.6–20.7 m) wide, and 16 feet (4.9 m) high. In June, she participated in Operation Harpoon, providing air cover for the Malta-bound convoy. Steam lines on the flying deck could warm torpedoes as aircraft awaited launch, to try to ensure a stable operating temperature when an attack was launched. The wires of the arresting gear had been lifted off the deck so they could engage the hooks on the undercarriages of the aircraft, but this prevented the use of the flight deck for any other purpose. Even the addition of 600 long tons (610 t) of ballast still left the ship with a very low metacentric height of only 1.6 feet (0.49 m) lightly loaded and 3.8 feet (1.2 m) at deep load. Argus was sold in late 1946 and scrapped the following year. Despite her odd genesis, she boasted a continuous flight deck and more accurately reflected a mature aircraft carrier than any previous vessel. Argus was an aircraft carrier completed for the Royal Navy in 1918, but which was originally designed to be the Italian ocean liner Conte Rosso. The National Archives. Despite having been originally conceived as a liner with a hull designed to minimise rolling, most of the changes made to the ship during her conversion added topside weight, raising her centre of gravity. The first landings on the ship were made on 24 September 1918 by two Sopwith Ship Strutter aeroplanes from the Grand Fleet's airbase at Turnhouse.  She was sold to Thos W Ward on 5 December 1946 and arrived at Inverkeithing later that month to be broken up. She was renamed after her purchase in September 1916 and was launched on 2 December 1917, her building having been slowed by labour shortages. Argus loaded more Hurricanes for Gibraltar and also embarked a pair of Swordfish from 818 Squadron and two Sea Hurricanes from 804X Squadron for self-defence. Existing carriers could launch wheeled aircraft, but had no way to recover them as they lacked flight decks. , Argus was laid down in 1914 by William Beardmore and Company in Dalmuir, as the Conte Rosso. (The aircraft could not be flown off Ark Royal since it was a seaplane carrier with no flight deck. Argus became an accommodation ship at Chatham in December and she was approved for scrapping on 6 May 1946. , As part of the preparations for another resupply convoy for Malta (Operation Pedestal), Argus returned to the United Kingdom in late June to load reserve aircraft, including six Sea Hurricanes of 804 Squadron, for the other aircraft carriers involved in the operation and left the Clyde on 2 August for Gibraltar. The ship also delivered aircraft to Murmansk in Russia, Takoradi on the Gold Coast, and Reykjavík in Iceland. H.M.S. One of the Fulmars was shot down by Vichy French Dewoitine D.520 fighters as it attempted to protect the crew of a Consolidated PBY Catalina flying boat that had been shot down earlier. She was commissioned 6 Sep 1918. , After recommissioning, Argus served as a training carrier to allow pilots to practice their deck-landing skills. She was purchased for conversion in August, 1916. Argus delivered 821X Squadron to Gibraltar and was back in the United Kingdom by 14 January 1941. The National Archives. By 1942, the Royal Navy was very short of aircraft carriers and Argus was pressed into front-line service despite her lack of speed and armament. 319–20, 325, 327, 329–30, 333, 336, Shores, Cull and Malizia 1991, pp. They were found to cause problems, but no changes were made until the ship was nearly complete. The ship was attacked multiple times by bombs and torpedoes during the battle without effect. Whilst in the United Kingdom, she loaded some Supermarine Spitfire fighters and returned to Gibraltar on 24 February. Benn Service Record. An RAF Sopwith 1-1/2 Strutter aircraft taking off and landing on the deck of the Royal Navy aircraft carrier HMS Argus, autumn 1918. She was renamed after her purchase in September 1916 and was launched on 2 December 1917, her building having been slowed by labour shortages. Here's the Shapways3-d printed 1/700 HMS Argus having the WWI dazzle camouflage paint scheme being applied displayed with the Combrig 1/700 Armored Cruiser HMS Drake work in progress; As for the aircraft wing, I'll use some of the AJM 1/700 Vindictive Sopwith Pups' Camels etc for the Argus included in their 1/700 HMS Furious converted battlecruiser/Aircraft carrier kit. Argus loaded a dozen Hawker Hurricane and two Blackburn Skua fighters of 418 Flight RAF in late July for delivery to Malta as part of Operation Hurry. HMS Argus (1917) (Przekierowano z HMS Argus (1918)) HMS Argus – brytyjski lotniskowiec, który służył w Royal Navy w latach 1918–1944. After her return to the United Kingdom, the ship was briefly refitted and she ferried 701 Squadron back to the United Kingdom in late October.  Argus was the only British carrier serving in the Second World War capable of striking down (stowing away) aircraft with non-folding wings because of her wide lifts and tall hangar ceiling. 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